What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?
Urology Mr Ian Pearce, Consultant Urologyical Surgeon at Manchester Royal Infirmary answers some questions on UTIs.
What is a urinary tract infection, (UTI)
A UTI is a bacterial infection of the urinary tract, most commonly the bladder but occasionally the kidneys (pyelonephritis)
How common is UTI?
UTIs are common, over 50% of women are likely to suffer at least 1 UTI during their life. Men may also suffer but less commonly.
What causes a UTI?
The most common cause of UTI is dehydration, other risk factors are age, sex, pregnancy and diabetes. How will I know if I have a UTI?
Most UTIs present with symptoms of urinary frequency, urgency and painful urination. In severe cases, patients may pass blood or develop a temperature, loin pain or shivering attacks, (rigors).
How can UTI be treated?
UTIs are treated with pain relief and antibiotics for between 3 and 5 days and in more severe cases 7 to 14 days. It is best to increase fluid intake.
Can UTI be avoided?
The risk of UTI can be reduced by increasing fluid intake, showering rather than bathing, wiping front to back and passing urine before and after sex.